History of Jõhvi

Jõhvi (German: Jewe, Russian: Йыхви) is a town in north-eastern Estonia, and the capital of Ida-Viru County. The town is also an administrative centre of Jõhvi Parish. It is situated 50 km from the Russian border.

Ethnic Estonians are a minority in Jõhvi, as about 55% of the town’s population are either ethnic Russians who arrived in Estonia during the period of Soviet rule of Estonia (1944 – 1991) or their descendants.

Jõhvi was first mentioned as a village in 1241 in Liber Census Daniae when it was ruled by Denmark. Historical names of Jõhvi were Gewi and Jewi. In the 13th century a church was built here and Jõhvi became the centre of the local church parish.

On 1 May 1938 Konstantin Päts renamed the Jõhvi borough a town along with nearly all Estonian boroughs. Up to 1991, Jõhvi was a district of Kohtla-Järve. In 2005 the town of Jõhvi was united with the parish of Jõhvi.